Did you know that 80% of the learning is visual? A child develops the confidence and the ability to learn when they can see and work on their eye-hand coordination. At Warden Optometry, Dr. Liang enjoys checking children's vision development milestones. One in four children has vision problems. She likes to help children improve their vision and see better.
In Ontario, children's eye exams are covered from birth up to 19 years old and children in JK can also benefit with a pair of glasses through the Ontario association of Optometrists, if required, through the Eye See Eye Learn program. Dr. Liang is the local ambassador for the Eye See Eye Learn program.
Dr. Liang started wearing glasses when she was 11 years old. She understands the trouble children and parents can have as their eyes grow and develop over the years. With technological advancement in Ipads and smart phones, and less outdoor play, children have started developing conditions such as myopia at a younger age. To combat this, our vision center started working with them in managing myopia by using Orthokeratology and myopia control contact lenses.
Call us or click Book an eye exam today, or read about the Eye See Eye Learn program here. Please feel free to download the English or the Chinese version.
0-3 months, can see only red colours
6 months, can see all colours, and have stereopsis (can see 3D). Smile and laugh when they see you.
12 months, eyes turn inward as objects get closer to the nose, visually inspects people and object.
2 years, looks at simple pictures in a book.
3 years, can draw a circle.
It's normal to have +2.00 in hyperopia (farsightness) and astigmatism from birth to 5 years old.
It goes towards zero at 6 years old.
If the child is -0.50 or higher in myopia (nearsightedness) at 6 years old, it's normal for the eye to grow -0.50 per year.
It's a critical to start doing myopia control if myopia starts before age 10.
It's considered early onset if myopia started before age 10.
Vision test for children
At age 0-3 years, children are not very verbal about what they see. A light source can be use to check their eyes for alignment (crossed eyes), and risk of pink eye, styes or if there is something growing in or behind the eyes. An objective tests called retinoscopy can be used to determine the powers of the eyes.
A 3-6 years, children can see some of the pictures on the eye charts and call them out correctly. I can also use number and letters in our clinic. They can also be assessment for amblyopia (lazy eyes) or strabismus (crossed eyes) with added tests.
Q: Are children's eyes exams covered by OHIP?
Yes, they are covered from birth to age 19. They would need to bring in the health card for each eye exam.
Q: At what age can I bring my child in for the eye exam?
I can start them at 6 months when they have 3D vision. They should definitely come in before start of JK kindergarten to make sure they are performing at their best visually, to prepare for learning at school. It's best to determine if they are using their eyes to their full potential to prevent any mislabeling of learning disabilities.
Q: My children has vision screening at school, is that the same?
Vision screening at school can be very basic, which usually are tests with an eye chart. They are sometimes done with any volunteers and not by health care provider or doctor. It can be unreliable, with inconsistent services. It's also critical to have continuity of care for their eyes.
Q: Is it necessary to have my kids' eyes checked?
Yes. It's better safe than sorry. Sometimes children may be shy in sharing what they see, or not sure what others see if their own view is different. If they continue to be shy about it, and the vision is left unchecked, it affects their performance, as well as confidence in school, in sports and social settings.